NERA Economic Consulting and Cornerstone Research (in conjunction with the Stanford Securities Class Action Clearinghouse) have released their 2012 midyear reports on securities class action filings. As usual, the different methodologies employed by the two organizations have led to different numbers, although they generally agree that the number of filings is holding steady.
The findings for the first half of 2012 include:
(1) NERA counts 116 filings and Cornerstone counts 88 filings (NERA treats actions filed in different circuits, but against the same defendant, as separate filings – see FN 2 of the report). Cornerstone views this as a slight decrease in total filings, down 6 percent from both the first half and second half of 2011, while NERA finds it in line with historical averages.
(2) Both NERA and Cornerstone agree that there has been a decline in M&A-related filings and, correspondingly, an increase in “standard” misstatement cases alleging violations of Rule 10b-5, Section 11, and/or Section 12. According to NERA, there have been 83 “standard” filings in the first half of 2012. If that pace continues, it will lead to the most “standard” filings since 2008.
(3) The number of cases against foreign-domiciled companies is decreasing, largely due to a decline in Chinese reverse merger filings.
(4) NERA’s report contains an interesting analysis of the motions practice in securities class actions that were filed and settled between 2000 and 2012. The findings include that in 22% of cases where a motion to dismiss was filed, and in 46% of cases were a motion for class certification was filed, the cases were settled before the court issued a decision on the pending motion.
(5) NERA also examines the settlement activity so far this year and concludes (a) the overall number of settlements is lower than usual (a projected 98 settlements in 2012 vs. 123 settlements in 2011), but (b) the median settlement amount ($7.9 million) is about the same as last year and consistent with pre-credit crisis levels.
Quote of Note (Professor Grundfest – Stanford): “Looking over the horizon, the Libor-litigation industry is clearly a sector to watch for years to come. The magnitude of the potential exposures and the complexity of the underlying damages claims will likely generate large amounts of litigation activity in many geographies.”