Following The Rules

If an SEC rule states that certain information does not have to be disclosed in a public filing, does that mean a company cannot act recklessly in failing to disclose that information? In In re Hi-Crush Partners L.P. Sec. Litig., 2013 WL 6233561 (S.D.N.Y. Dec. 2, 2013), the defendants noted that under the SEC’s Form 8-K rules, they were not required to disclose that a major customer had terminated its contract with the company because the purported termination was invalid. In support of their argument that the plaintiffs had failed to adequately plead scienter, the defendants cited a different district court, addressing a similar set of facts, which held that “defendants’ compliance with [SEC regulations] suggests that Lead Plaintiff has failed to show defendants acted recklessly in omitting such information.”

The Hi-Crush court agreed that the Form 8-K rules did not require the disclosure, but disagreed that this meant the defendants had not acted recklessly. First, the court found that even in the absence of an affirmative disclosure obligation, the defendants could have a duty to disclose the information to avoid misleading investors. Second, given that the contract was supposed to generate 18.2% of Hi-Crush’s revenue stream, it was “imperative” that investors be told about the threat of termination.

Holding: Motion to dismiss granted in part and denied in part.

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